Kamanje culture

Northwestern part of Karlovac county

Kamanje culture

an hour from Zagreb and half an hour from the traffic hub in Karlovac

Famous persons

U obližnjem Brlog Gradu, ponad Kupe, rođen je Emilij Laszowski, utemeljitelj Hrvatskoga državnog arhiva i osnivač Družbe »Braća Hrvatskoga Zmaja«.

U mjestu Reštovo rođen je Tadija Smičiklas, hrvatski političar i povjesničar.

Monuments and landmarks

The most famous natural heritage monument is the already mentioned VRLOVKA cave, located on the banks of the Kupa near the village of Kamanje.

Emil Laszowski was the first to describe it in more detail in 1839 in the Official Gazette. In 1905, Dragutin Hirc described it in great detail in “Natural Geography of Croatia”, who on that occasion also dealt with its animal world. He found that the cave’s water basins were not inhabited by the human fish that had been speculated about until then, but that large colonies of bats remained in it.

At the end of 1927, a group of mountaineers started activities for arranging the cave, and then the approaches to the cave and the corridors inside the cave were arranged.

Due to the interest in the cave and the danger of damage, it was decided to put it under protection. In the register of protected nature objects, Vrlovka is entered under registration number 83. The total length of the main channel of the cave is currently 380 m. Vrlovka is formed in thickly layered Jurassic limestones. Sections of shells are visible in the rocks, from which deposits are deposited, which is a rarity in caves. The erosion work of the water has shaped the largest areas, because the cave channel is actually a drainage system of the once intensive drainage of groundwater from the slopes above Kamanj. Corrosion of limestone subsequently expands the underground cavities, and by dripping water through a relatively shallow superlayer, large amounts of calcite formations and coatings were formed on the canal rocks. The most famous is such a creation called “cloak” which is also a symbol of the cave.

The archeological site of Vrlovka in Kamanj is located inside and outside the cave of the same name next to the course of the river Kupa. Human habitation from the Neolithic period, through antiquity and the Middle Ages, to the present day has been confirmed at this site.

Based on previous findings, it is assumed that the Vrlovka cave due to its position along the river Kupa served as a Neolithic sanctuary, and the settlement that developed on the hill above the cave was probably a Neolithic place of pilgrimage and Neolithic inhabitants of this area. Therefore, this locality is of exceptional value for the development of rural tourism along the river Kupa.

Today, the cave is equipped with electric lighting, the access and tourist trail through the cave is 330 meters long, and the entrance is protected by a door, to prevent uncontrolled entry and possible damage to the interior of the cave.

In the upper course of the Kupa towards Orljakovo there are several smaller caves, the most famous of which is Stanko’s cave.

The entire southern part of the Municipality of Kamanje is uninhabited. The area is mountainous (Ribarova ravan 461 m above sea level), overgrown with dense forests and very well preserved.

Cultural – historical heritage

The parish church of the Name of Mary in Kamanj – is located in the center of the village on an elevated position. It was built in the spirit of neo-Romanesque and neo-Gothic. It was built in 1889, although Kamanje became the center of the parish in 1789. Its interior is vaulted with Czech vaults and painted in 1895. The fence around the church was built in the 1960s.

Chapel of St. Filip i Jakov – located on a beautiful lookout point above the village of Reštova. It was built in 1704 in the early Baroque style. It was built in the traditional form of smaller sacral buildings of the Ozalj cultural area, with a vestibule, front facade and bell tower, and a vaulted sanctuary and a tabula above the nave. In 1841, the sacristy was added to it, and the preslica was replaced by a brick bell tower. The main altar was erected in 1765

Den City – first mentioned in 1544. The town and the estate were owned by: Frankopan, Zrinski, the Dorotić family, Gušić, Šubić Peranski, Karlovac general J. Rabatta, counts Paradeiser and Petazzi, who built an almost completely new court in the 18th century. Later, the owners became Counts Keglević, the family of pl. Šufflay, Laszowski, and eventually bought by the Petrina family.